RADS

Rainy and Dry Season (RADS)

example of RADS data output

What is RADS?

Rainy And Dry Season is a global gridded dataset of the characteristics of the wet and dry seasons. The dataset contains the dates of onset and demise of the rainy season (one date per year), the duration of the rainy and dry seasons, and the accumulated precipitation during the rainy and dry seasons. The methodology for detection of the characteristics of the rainy season is based solely on precipitation data. The dataset was developed from multiple globally gridded daily precipitation datasets and, therefore, shares the spatial resolution, temporal range, and limitations of the original precipitation datasets.

Citation

Bombardi, R. J., J. L. Kinter III, and O. W. Frauenfeld (2019) A Gobal Gridded Dataset of the Characteristics of the Rainy and Dry Seasons. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 100(7), 1315-1328, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-18-0177.1.

Download Data

To access the dataset, visit ftp://cola.gmu.edu/RADS.

Please note: onset and demise records are divided into separate files containing day, month, year, and Julian day (jday) in their names (or pentad for CHIRPS). Files with jday in their names contain the dates as "day of year" [1,365]. CHIRPS pentad files contain the dates in pentads [1,72]. Files with "day" in their names contain the dates as "day of month" [1,31] and should be combined with files with "month" [1,12] and "year" in their names, to extract Gregorian calendar dates. For CHIRPS, day, month, and year files refer to the date of the first day of a pentad.

Download RADS calculated with precipitation from the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM 3B42; 50°S-50°N coverage at 0.25° spatial resolution; 1998-2015; Huffman et al. 2007): ftp://cola.gmu.edu/RADS/TRMM/.

Download RADS calculated with precipitation from the Climate Prediction Center Unified Gauge-Based Analysis of Global Daily Precipitation (CPC_UNI; global coverage at 0.5° spatial resolution; 1979-present; Xie et al. 2007; Chen et al. 2008): ftp://cola.gmu.edu/RADS/CPC_UNI/.

Download RADS calculated with precipitation from the Modern-Era Retrospective analysis for Research and Applications, Version 2 (MERRA2; global coverage at 0.5° x 0.625° spatial resolution; 1980-present; Reichle et al. 2017): ftp://cola.gmu.edu/RADS/MERRA2/.

Download RADS calculated with precipitation from the Climate Hazards Group InfraRed Precipitation with Station data (CHIRPS; 50°S to 50°N coverage at 0.05° x 0.05° spatial resolution; 1981-present; Funk et al. 2015): ftp://cola.gmu.edu/RADS/CHIRPS/.

Download RADS calculated with precipitation from the Asian Precipitation - Highly-Resolved Observational Data Integration Towards Evaluation (APHRODITE; 14°S to 55°N and 60°E to 150°E coverage at 0.25° x 0.25° spatial resolution; 1961-2007; Yatagai et al. 2012): ftp://cola.gmu.edu/RADS/APHRODITE/.

The TRMM dataset has relatively high spatial resolution, but shorter temporal coverage in comparison to TRMM and MERRA2. In addition, TRMM observations consists of 3-hourly sampling that might not be representative of precipitation daily totals. Precipitation values from TRMM and CPC_UNI over regions with low gauge coverage are associated with higher uncertainty. The precipitation from MERRA2 is essentially model generated, but the precipitation is corrected (Reichle et al. 2017) by observations from CPC_UNI (and the Global Precipitation Climatology Project (Adler et al. 2003; Huffman et al. 2009) over Africa).

History and Intent

The characteristics (onset and demise dates, duration, and accumulated precipitation) of the wet and dry seasons have important implications to several sectors of society. On one hand, late rainy season onset dates can have negative impacts on agriculture, leading to yield loss. On the other hand, late rainy season demise can lead to post-harvest loss due to the infection of crops by mold, threatening human health. Moreover, variations in the accumulated precipitation during the rainy and dry seasons have direct implications to sectors related to water resource management, such as agriculture (global food security), energy generation (water and energy), human health and property loss (landslides, floods, water borne diseases, and forest fires).

Dr. Bombardi has been investigating the variability of the timing of the rainy season over monsoonal regions since 2005. This dataset is the culmination of more than a decade of research on ways to best represent onset and demise dates of the rainy season over the globe.

We expect that the RADS dataset will contribute to our understanding of the sources of variability of the timing of rainy seasons (on local-to-regional scales) and monsoons (on large-scales) and their impacts on water resource management and other aspects of geosciences and human activities.

Climatology and Interannual Variability

The climatology and interrannual variability of the characteristics of the rainy season calculated using precipitation from CPC_UNI are presented below:

Median onset date [day of year] and b) Interquartile range of onset dates [days]

a) Median onset date [day of year] and b) Interquartile range of onset dates [days]


a) Median demise date [day of year] and b) Interquartile range of demise dates [days]

a) Median demise date [day of year] and b) Interquartile range of demise dates [days]


a) Median duration of the rainy season [days] and b) Interquartile range of the duration of the rainy season [days]

a) Median duration of the rainy season [days] and b) Interquartile range of the duration of the rainy season [days]


a) Median duration of the dry season [days] and b) Interquartile range of the duration of the dry season [days]

a) Median duration of the dry season [days] and b) Interquartile range of the duration of the dry season [days]


a) Median accumulated precipitation during the rainy season [mm] and b) Interquartile range of the accumulated precipitation during the rainy season [days]

a) Median accumulated precipitation during the rainy season [mm] and b) Interquartile range of the accumulated precipitation during the rainy season [days]


a) Median accumulated precipitation during the dry season [mm] and b) Interquartile range of the accumulated precipitation during the dry season [days]

a) Median accumulated precipitation during the dry season [mm] and b) Interquartile range of the accumulated precipitation during the dry season [days]